Bulgaria is divided into 36 regions according to their major characteristics.
Bulgaria at a glance
Area: 110,994 sq km (42,855 sq miles).
The earliest inhabitants of the present Bulgarian lands were the Thracians.
Spartacus was born on the territory of present-day town of Sandanski (south-western Bulgaria) and as an adolescent was sold into slavery in ancient Rome. Later he became the legendary gladiator that led the biggest slave uprising in the Antiquity.
Orpheus is known for his incredible talent as a musician and singer. He was born near the present village of Guella in the Rhodope mountain a little before the Trojan war. The legend tells that he was the greatest singer of all time and even the wild animals stopped to listen to his music. Also he took part in the quest of the Argonauts together with Jason and Heracles.
The Bulgarians were the basic ethnic component in the structure of the Mediaeval Bulgarian State. Their original home land was in Central Asia, in the mountainous region of Pamir. As a highly developed civilization they had culturally dominated the territories of central Asia for a long time. In the middle of the 7th century Khan Asparuh united the ancient Thracian nation and the Slavic tribes and founded the mighty Bulgarian Kingdom on the crossroad with Asia and Africa.
Here are some highlights from Bulgarian plentiful heritage:
1. Bulgaria has a 1322 years of history, since 681 A.D.
Climate in Bulgaria
You can enjoy FOUR LOVELY AND TENDER SEASONS in Bulgaria. Beautiful blooming spring, dry and hot summer, long and pleasant autumn, and mild winter with lots of opportunity for skiing. Always lit by the sun Bulgaria has between 2200 and 2500 hours of sunlight per year. Average temperature (April - September): + 23 degrees C. The average yearly temperature is 14.7 degrees C. The climate is exceptionally favourable for growing vines, fruits and vegetables, and oil yielding rose for which Bulgaria has been renowned in Europe for centuries.
The climate in Northern Bulgaria is moderate continental, while the climate in Southern Bulgaria is intermediate continental tending to Mediterranean. The climate in the regions with an altitude of 1900-2000 m above sea level is mountainous and along the Black Sea coast it is maritime.
Political system in Bulgaria
Political system: According to the Constitution of Bulgaria, adopted by the Great National Assembly on July 13, 1991, Bulgaria is a parliamentary democratic republic in which the sovereign power belongs to the people who exercise it through their representative bodies, elected by direct and secret ballot. Every Bulgarian citizen over the age of 18 has the right to elect or to be elected.
The National Assembly, elected for a period of four years, is the supreme body of state power. The National Assembly enacts, amends and rescinds the laws, appoints and dismisses the Government and the Directors of the Bulgarian National Bank, draws up the state budget, adopts the resolutions for holding referenda, constitutes, transforms and abolishes ministries.
Bulgaria sits at the crossroads of Europe and Asia, right in the belly of the Balkans. Any journey of length showcases the country's amazing variety of landforms.
Bulgaria simply resembles a continent in miniature because of its very varied relief and miraculous working of nature where measure is paramount. The country with a 1300 years old history lies in the North-eastern part of Balkan Peninsula and during the centuries has been an important crossroad between Europe and Asia.
Called the sleeping beauty of the Balkans by New York Times magazine, Bulgaria has four beautiful and mild seasons and a gorgeous nature.
Eye-catching mountain lakes, sunny beaches, gorgeous rose valleys, curative hot springs and deep chilly caves coexist in harmony. Bulgaria has a wide outlet on the Black Sea and river Danube and borders with Greece, Serbia, Romania, Turkey and Macedonia. The country territory is 111 000 square kilometers - 520 kilometers in length and 330 kilometers in width.
Hills and mountains are the predominant topographic features. As you move south of the Danube River you can count more than one hundred valleys before to reach the Valley of Roses. mountains take almost a quarter of the country's territory and largely determine its relief. Many caves some of them 3,5 million years old, gorgeous peaks and lakes, ancient Thracian tombs and temples land attraction to the mountains.
Bulgarian Black sea coast
Second district centre is the town of Bourgas, situated in the farthest western part of Bourgas Bay. The town has many hotels of different categories, many private lodgings and interesting landmarks.
The older resort on the Bulgarian Black sea coast is St. St. Konstantin and Elena and it is only 9 km north-east of Varna and 479 km east of Sofia. More than 50 hotels in the resort offer accommodation.
The resort of Zlatni Pyasatci is the largest one on the northern Black sea coast. The constant temperature of 27 degrees C and the microclimate throughout the season make it a wonderful place for having a rest and fun. There is a casino, a number of bars, mini-golf playground, carriages and good conditions for practising all sorts of water sports.
The resort of Albena is located on a long sand stretch in the open northern part of Varna bay. Most of the hotels have a terraceline structure for getting more sun in summer days There is an annual auto-rally called Albena, folk festival for songs and dances, festival for TV programs, bridge competition, beach volleyball competition, etc. The resort has three camping sites - Albena, International and Ekzotika. The river of Batov is interesting with its location in a natural forest. Nearby is the village of Kranevo in the vicinity with remains of the ancient Kranea and Gerania. There are many youth and school camps, as well as running mineral water in the village.
The town of Balchik is famous with the botanical garden- the biggest and the most diverse in the Balkans and attractive to tourists with its ancient atmosphere that has been preserved for centuries now.
12 km away from the cape of Kaliakra is situated Kavarna - a Black sea port for passenger and cargo vessels of medium type. The town was once again built and became an agricultural and fishing centre. On the high hill of Chiracman one can find remains of Roman villas and walls, as well as medieval buildings and churches. The archeological excavations on the cape of Shabla are the most interesting sights for the visitors of the town. Three kilometers away from the town is the lake of Shabla where more than 100 000 species of wild geese nest.
The resort of Rousalka is situated 59 km of Varna. There is a typical bird's colony in a pretty rocky area near the sea. The village of Kamen Bryag is in the vicinity of the resort and there are interesting rock formations and wonderful rocky bays with a number of caves and reefs.
The mouth of Kamchia river is one of the most beautiful sights of the Bulgarian Black sea region. Over 40 species of beautiful trees and brushes grow in the forest. Ferns, reed and yellow water lilies also grow here. Nowadays the frequently flooded area is a reserve that is under the protection of UNESCO. The reserve is 40 km in length (throughout Longoza to the river month) and 5 km in width in some of its parts. There are does, deer, seahawk and eagles, wild boars, wild cats, etc.
The resort complex Shkorpilovtsi is near the village of the same name. To the north of the Black cape is the village of Bliznatzite.
Other famous resorts are: Sunny Beach, located between the village Vlas and Nessebar, Elenite, Dyuni, Kiten.
The town of Nessebar is situated on a small peninsula and its beach considered to be the best along the Black Sea coast. There are many churches, hotels and a regular transport connecting Bourgas and Pomorie to Nessebar and Sunny Beach. South of the town is the village of Ravda. There are melon fields, vines and gardens near the village where one can buy agricultural products at low prices. Near the mouth of the Aheloy river is the village Aheloy. This is where the Bulgarian Tzar Simeon I destroyed the armies of the Byzantine emperor.
The town of Sozopol lies on a small rocky peninsula in the farthest southern part of the Bourgas Bay. The landmarks in Sozopol form an attractive ensemble. The ancient churches of St. Zosim and St. Virgin Mary, the birthplaces of Mariata Stefanova and Kreanoolu, the odd cobbled streets and high fences are inseparable elements of a united complex of three centuries of story. Interesting places to visit are the Archeological Museum and the Art Gallery.
To the north is the well-known resort at the village of Chernomorets. 20 km to the south is the mouth of Ropotamo river. There is a biosphere reserve, camping sites, very near is the famous island of Snakes. After the mouth of the river is cape Maslen. Other smaller resorts are Tzarevo, Primorsko, Ahtopol, Obzor, Biala.
Close to the mouth of Veleka river is the village of Kosti famous for the fire-dancers. Near Ahtopol are the village of Varvara, the village of Sinemorets and Rezovo.